By Flavio Barbiero – retired admiral in the Italian Navy who last served with NATO. He is the author of three books, including The Bible Without Secrets, and is an archaeological researcher at the University of Bergamo.
Mithraism & Sol Invictus: Vatican and the Christ
Editor’s commentary by Joaquin Flores, (with a revision of the commentary of David Livingstone)
Flavio Barbiero’s excellent overview of the Persian and Babylonian origins of the Vatican in Rome as Mithraic, is best assisted with this foreword characterization of the present debate. This will necessarily underscore some problems in the contemporary paradigm at the expense of fully explaining the nuanced consensus view today. Barbiero’s work is incomplete and not without blemish, but nevertheless will prove to be valuable.
The understanding of the Mithraic origins of the Roman religion of Mithraism, of Helios in Greece, and in Latin – Sol Invictus – has suffered ever since esteemed and prescient syncretist, Franz-Valéry-Marie Cumont was denied the position of Chair of the Department of Roman History at Ghent. The study of Mithraism in the occident has been subject to a type of neglect and one may even argue, derailment as a consequence. It is a type of neglect where the more it is focused on in an academic sense, the less it is understood in its essence.